Basics of a Turbine Engine

Also known as a “gas turbine” or a “combustion turbine”, the turbine engine is a type of internal combustion engine categorized by its use of a special type of oxidizer mixed with fuel and combusted in a carefully designed combustion chamber. Turbine engines convert energy into a type of mechanical-based motion to power aircraft, trains, ships, electrical generators, pumps, gas compressors, and tanks.

There are three main components of a turbine engine: the upstream rotating gas compressor, the downstream turbine, and the combustion chamber. Energy is created and added a stream of gas in the combustion chamber. Air and fuel mix and then ignited, increasing the pressure, which in turn causes the fuel to experience higher levels of combustion and an overall increase in temperature. Then, the mixture is sent to the turbine where the gas flow starts to move in high volumes and at a very fast rate. Afterward, it moves to a specially designed nozzle that emits the fluid mixture over the blades on the engine which spin and power the compressor. Eventually, the emitted pressure and overall temperature dissipate.

Compared to standard engines that use pistons, turbine engines are significantly simpler in operation but are more powerful in energy output. Turbine engines are considered simpler than standard engines because out of all the parts, there is only one main component that is considered a moving part. On the other hand, piston engines have dozens of individually moving parts. Turbine engines are also more optimal than standard engines. They’re designed to run optimally in lower pressures and higher altitudes, operate at higher velocities, have better internal lubrication, and support more weight while still providing more power than standard engines. As a result, turbine engines are considered the more popular and optimal choice amount manufacturers in many industries.


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